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  • Writer's pictureStephanie Tsapakis

Dyslexia 101: Part 6 - Advocating for Your Child at School or Yourself in the Workplace

Welcome to Part VI, the final post of our Dyslexia 101 series! The goal of this blog series was focused on expanding your understanding of dyslexia.

After this final post in LD Expert's Dyslexia 101 series you will have become able to:

  • Define dyslexia in a way that friends, family, and teachers can understand.

  • Understand common characteristics of dyslexia.

  • Understand how the common characteristics may impact students in the classroom and adults in the workplace.

  • Recognize common misconceptions and learn the facts that dispel them.

  • Understand what quality intervention looks like and describe why it is important that children have access to and receive early, evidence-based intervention services.

  • Advocate for your child at school or for yourself in the workplace

Today we will focus on advocacy, and what you can do and say to stand up for your child or yourself.

In Part I of this blog series, we broke down the definition of dyslexia for you. In Part II, we examined the characteristics of dyslexia by outlining common struggles and strengths. Part III focused on implications of dyslexia in the classroom and workplace. Part IV debunked some common misconceptions surrounding dyslexia. Part V explained how to choose an appropriate intervention program.

For the finale of our Dyslexia 101 Blog Series, you will learn:

What is Advocacy?

For the purposes of this blog, we love defining advocacy as any action that speaks in favor of, recommends, argues for a cause, supports or defends, or pleads on behalf of others.

For our students with dyslexia and learning differences, advocacy is when we defend and explain the need for support, accommodations, modifications, and/or intervention at school so that our students can achieve and excel at the same rate as their peers. Advocacy most often occurs within the context of a school meeting but it can – and should – also occur for teens or adults in the workplace.

Successfully advocating for a student or adult typically involves three things:

  1. A deep knowledge & understanding of the person receiving the advocacy

  2. A comprehensive & professional level of knowledge related to the diagnosis/difficulty

  3. A functional & working understanding of the special education process and the rights of individuals with disabilities in both school and the workplace

Advocacy in a School-Based Setting

In a school-based setting, a parent is nearly always the person best equipped to advocate for a student using their deep understanding of who their child is as a person. This involves painting a clear picture of the student and can include information about:

  • The student's strengths, interests, or talents both inside and outside of school

  • The student's areas of weakness and/or challenging subjects

  • The student's emotional response to stressful and/or challenging situations related to schoolwork or the demands of the classroom

  • The amount of time the student spends working on homework and projects

  • The amount of support the student requires to complete homework

  • The length of time you've noticed these struggles or had concerns

  • How the concerns related to your student's difficulties have changed/progressed

  • How to successfully support the student based upon your experience as mom or dad

  • What academic and post-high school goals you have for your child

As a side note, teaching self-advocacy skills to students is always a good idea. When the student is old enough, he/she becomes the one best equipped to speak to his/her strengths, struggles, and the impact their learning difference has on their academic experience. They also are able to share important information related to their own school- and career-based goals.

As mentioned above, good advocacy involves knowledge of the student, the diagnosis/difficulty, and the special education process.

Parents have long-demonstrated the ability to make themselves experts on their child's diagnosis and the special education process. A mama bear equipped with knowledge of her child's options and rights is nearly always unstoppable.

That being said, it can be very challenging as a parent to successfully explain, defend, and advocate for a student's educational needs related to their specific learning difficulty or diagnosis. This becomes increasingly complicated when you add in the complexities, lingo, and timelines related to the special education process.

A great solution, and one that we always highly recommend, is to hire a special education advocate to walk with you through the process and to join you at the school meetings.

A special education advocate uses their knowledge of learning differences, the special education process, and student's rights that are protected under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to help ensure that students receive the accommodations, modifications, intervention services, and access to the free and appropriate public education that they are entitled to based upon classroom data, team input, and standardized testing.

School-based special education advocates help students and parents:

  • Understand their rights related to school-based support

  • Understand in detail the special education process

  • Ask questions within school meetings to understand the recommendations and plans being made by the student's team

  • Ensure that all federal and state regulations and guidelines are followed related to timelines and student's rights

  • Explain to the team meeting attendees specialized information related to the student's difference/diagnosis and how it will impact the student's ability to achieve and excel at the same rate as his/her peers

  • Expand upon and explain the impact of data gathered within standardized testing

  • Make educated recommendations for additional/fewer accommodations, modifications, or intervention services

  • Ensure that evidence-based services and interventions are provided

  • Ensure that the student receives access to free and appropriate public education

  • Request additional testing/services from the school or outside party when appropriate

  • Describe jargon, lingo, and confusing vocabulary and acronyms used within meetings

  • Communicate with the team and school while tracking all dates to ensure that the student's services remain in compliance with federal and state laws

When a parent has a skilled and compassionate special education advocate as part of their student's team, navigating the waters becomes more manageable and less overwhelming.

Advocates can both attend meetings with you and meet with you on a consultation basis. During consultations, advocates can help you understand what to expect, understand your student's rights, and/or review your student's special education history in order to make appropriate recommendations individualized to meet your student's needs.

Advocacy in the Workplace

As a teen or adult in the workplace, your rights as a person with dyslexia or other disability* are protected through the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Therefore, you have every right to advocate for yourself or partner with an advocate so that you receive appropriate workplace accommodations.

This is most easily done when you have been appropriately diagnosed, but many adults have never received a medical or clinical diagnosis. Therefore, we will look at advocacy recommendations for both groups:

  1. Adults that have been medically or clinically diagnosed

  2. Adults that have never received a formal diagnosis

If you are an adult that has been diagnosed with dyslexia or other learning difference, it is important to convey this information while advocating for yourself:

  • Information about your diagnosis

  • Information about any support you received in school

  • Strengths that you have as an individual

  • Information about your preferred learning style

  • Information about learning styles that are challenging for you

  • Areas of weakness that are directly impacted because of your diagnosis

  • Strategies that you have learned to use in order to compensate for areas of weakness

  • Areas/tasks that remain challenging even with strategies or accommodations

If you are an adult that has not received a diagnosis, most of the information you'll want to share remains the same with a few minor changes:

  • Information about your suspected learning disability*

  • Information about ways that you have struggled in both school and the workplace because of this suspected disability*

  • Steps, if any, that you are taking in order to be diagnosed

  • Strengths that you have as an individual

  • Information about your preferred learning style

  • Information about learning styles that are challenging for you

  • Areas of weakness that are directly impacted by your suspected disability*

  • Strategies that help you compensate

  • Areas/tasks that remain challenging even with strategies or accommodations

*At LD Expert we don't love the term learning disability and prefer learning differences. Unfortunately within the workplace setting, using the term "learning disability" can help your employer take the conversation and your concerns more seriously.

Having this conversation with an employer or manager can be very overwhelming, and understandably so! The good news is that advocates also exist to help you navigate and prepare for the conversation. They're even available to attend these meetings with you.

Here are a few things to remember:

  • You are worth fighting for.

  • You do not have to spend every day struggling at work.

  • You have strengths and the ability to succeed using them.

  • It is never too late to be diagnosed.

  • It is never too late to receive support.

  • You are worth fighting for. Really.


We cannot overstate how much we love Drs. Shaywitz book, Overcoming Dyslexia. It is the Gold Standard when it comes to books to help you understand and navigate life with dyslexia that is based on years of research. Here's the link again to purchase!

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